The Battle of Uhud is 2nd great battle in Islamic history after the battle of Badr. This battle was between leaders of Quraysh against Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) and his followers. It took place 3 years after migration from Makkah to Madina. The Battle of Uhud had the fundamental target: to kill Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) and to obliterate Islam.
After the Battle of Badr, where the Muslims were successful in crushing the army of Makkah, the leaders of Makkah were irritated. They were embarrassed and upset that their large armed force lost to a much smaller armed force. Therefore they wanted to destroy Islam and take revenge. The assembled a lot bigger armed force and arranged for Uhud (a little outside Madina).
Abu Sufyan was a leader from the army of Makkah and he managed to collect an army of 3000 with 700 armored with 3000 camel and 200 horses. But the Muslim army only consisted upon the 700 infantry, 50 archers and 4 horsemen.
It is a very historical mountain and is placed in the north of Madina, Saudi Arabia. It’s 1077m (3533 ft) high. Nowadays, when Muslim go to Madina during to perform their Hajj and Umrah. They essentially visit this holy site as the mention in Hadith: Anas ibn Malik reported: The Prophet of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him) said, “Verily, the mountain of Uhud loves us and we love it.” (Sahih Muslim)
Mount Uhud was a strategically and land advantage for the Islamic armed force. It provided structural defense for the Muslims. The Prophet (PBUH) had arranged his forces correspondingly. He arranged 50 archers, at the slope of Mount Uhud so that the opposing force could not attack from behind. He commanded these archers never to leave their posting in any situation
According to traditions of this time, a representative was called forward to begin the fight. Ali Ibn Abu Talib was called forward, who was representing the Muslim armed force, and the Makkah armed force was represented by Talhah Ibn Abu Talhah. As the battling started, the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) yelled: Allahu Akbar (God is Great) and charged forward.
Hamzah, one of the great soldiers of Badr, He was again fighting bravely in this Battle. It has already been mentioned by Hind and she was a wife of Abu Sufyan. She wanted to take revenge from Hazrat Hamza (RA) therefore she hired a slave who called Waashi. Then Waashi (slave) killed the Hazrat Hamza (RA) in this battle and Hind cut the stomach of Hamza then she took a bite of hamza's liver. So Muslims lost a great soldier in this battle who was known as “Lion of God"
As Muslims were successful in making the Qurayshies retreat back, a mistake in those archers occurred. The archers, who were posted at the incline of Mount Uhud, retreat down to the front line. Out of their pride and their ravenousness, they disobeyed their orders. When the army of Makkah took the benefit from this chance and attacked the Muslims from behind
Because of this mistake, Muslims lost their Muslim brothers in this battle. In this battle, Muhammad (PBUH) lost his teeth. Now, the Battle of Uhud became a significant lesson for Muslims. It was a hard lesson to realize, that caused a lot of Muslim deaths. Because of the pride and greed of those archers, it causes them to irresponsible in battle. This act showed the Muslims to never surrender to their pride and to always be humble.
As Allah says in the Holy Quran (3:152):
Allah did indeed fulfill His promise to you when you, with His permission, were about to destroy your enemy, until you flinched and fell to disputing about the order, and disobeyed it after He brought you in sight (of the booty) which you covert. Among you are some that hanker after this world and some that desire the Hereafter. Then did He divert you from your enemies in order to test you. But He forgave you. For Allah is full of grace to those who believe.
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